ARC: Risk Parameter Updates 2022-03-31

Simple Summary

A proposal to adjust six (6) total risk parameters including LTV, Liquidation Threshold, and Liquidation Bonus across three (3) Aave V2 assets. In addition, Gauntlet recommends freezing legacy KNC.


This proposal is a batch update of risk parameters to align with the Moderate risk level chosen by the Aave community. These parameter updates are a continuation of Gauntlet’s regular parameter recommendations.


This set of parameter updates seeks to maintain the overall risk tolerance of the protocol while making risk trade-offs between specific assets.

Gauntlet’s parameter recommendations are driven by an optimization function that balances 3 core metrics: insolvencies, liquidations, and borrow usage. Parameter recommendations seek to optimize for this objective function. Our agent-based simulations use a wide array of varied input data that changes on a daily basis (including but not limited to, asset volatility, asset correlation, asset collateral usage, DEX / CEX liquidity, trading volume, expected market impact of trades, and liquidator behavior). Gauntlet’s simulations tease out complex relationships between these inputs that cannot be simply expressed as heuristics. As such, the input metrics we show below can help understand why some of the param recs have been made, but should not be taken as the only reason for recommendation. The individual collateral pages on the Gauntlet Risk Dashboard cover other key statistics and outputs from our simulations that can help with understanding interesting inputs and results related to our simulations.

For more details, please see Gauntlet’s Parameter Recommendation Methodology and Gauntlet’s Model Methodology.

Top DAI non-recursive supplies and collateralization ratios:

Top USDC non-recursive supplies and collateralization ratios:

Top LINK non-recursive supplies and collateralization ratios:


Our recent market downturn report showed that many collaterals are resilient to insolvencies, as our simulation models have predicted. We will continue to adjust risk parameters to drive increases in capital efficiency while maintaining protocol risk at safe levels.

Parameter Current Value Recommended Value
DAI Loan To Value 75% 77%
LINK Liquidation Bonus 6.5% 6.3%
LINK Liquidation Threshold 75% 78%
USDC Loan To Value 82.5% 85.5%
USDC Liquidation Bonus 4.0% 4.5%
USDC Liquidation Threshold 85% 86%

See below volatility and exchange volume data from 03/17 to 03/31. These are useful metrics to build intuition but are not the only inputs our simulations take into account to make parameter recommendations.

Symbol 03-31 Volatility 03-17 Volatility Volatility Change Weekly Average Daily Volume Change (%)
DAI 0.180079852 0.18048045 -0.000400598 2.9325893
LINK 0.77471859 1.054943327 -0.280224737 26.950699
USDC 0.029199586 0.031859885 -0.002660299 3.1429237

Risk Dashboard

The community should use Gauntlet’s Risk Dashboard to better understand the updated parameter suggestions and general market risk in Aave V2.

Value at Risk represents the 95th percentile insolvency value that occurs from simulations we run over a range of volatilities to approximate a tail event.

Liquidations at Risk represents the 95th percentile liquidation volume that occurs from simulations we run over a range of volatilities to approximate a tail event.

Freezing Legacy KNC

The KyberDAO approved the proposal to migrate KNC token contract to a new implementation on 4/20/2021, which enables Kyber governance to upgrade KNC efficiently. As of 3/28/2022, roughly 195M of KNC have migrated to the new Kyber Network Crystal (KNC) and 57M of KNC are still in the old KNC Legacy (KNCL) contract. There are currently $2.9M KNCL supplied and $900K total borrowed on Aave v2.

Considering that exchanges (e.g. Kraken, have stopped supporting KNCL deposit and trading, the liquidity of KNCL has also been reduced. We propose freezing KNCL to speed up the KNC migration as well as eliminating the risk of keeping a less liquid deprecated asset on the platform.

Next Steps

  • Initiate a Snapshot immediately since the community has already weighed in on changes of this nature recently.
  • Targeting an AIP on 2022-04-05

Snapshot vote below:

Reminder to the community that an AIP will be posted tomorrow, April 5th in the afternoon Eastern Time.

1 Like

Hi Shane from Kyber Network here. Great to see a motion for legacy KNCL to be frozen to speed up migration to new KNC. We also submitted a proposal last year to do that: ARC: Disable ‘old’ KNC, activate new KNC

With KNCL being deactivated, our next step is to work towards supporting new KNC as collateral. We plan to submit a new ARC to discuss it with the Aave team and community before going to an AIP. Would be great to get input from Gauntlet as well!

You can reach me at:
Telegram: shaneHk

1 Like